Union Home Ministry Issues Rules for Citizenship Amendment Act Implementation

Union Home Ministry Issues Rules for Citizenship Amendment Act Implementation
Union Home Ministry Issues Rules for Citizenship Amendment Act Implementation
Union Home Ministry Issues Rules for Citizenship Amendment Act Implementation
Union Home Ministry Issues Rules for Citizenship Amendment Act Implementation

Union Home Ministry Issues Rules for Citizenship Amendment Act Implementation

Union Home Ministry Issues Rules for Citizenship Amendment Act Implementation

Union Home Ministry Issues Rules for Citizenship Amendment Act Implementation

The Union Home Ministry has officially notified the rules for the implementation of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) ahead of the Lok Sabha elections. The CAA aims to confer Indian citizenship to persecuted non-Muslim migrants who migrated from Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan before December 31, 2014. The rules outline the process, including an online portal for digital applications. Eligible individuals, including Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Parsis, and Christians, will need to disclose the year of their entry into India without travel documents. The implementation, delayed for over four years, faces opposition from some states and has been a significant electoral agenda for the BJP.

Digital Process and No Additional Documentation

The CAA law can be activated with the issuance of the MHA notification. The entire process will be conducted digitally, with an online portal already set up for applicants. The official confirmed that applicants only need to disclose their entry year, and no additional documentation will be required. The BJP has consistently emphasized its commitment to implementing the CAA, while opposition parties, including TMC led by Mamata Banerjee, have opposed it. Over the years, the MHA has sought extensions from parliamentary committees to frame the associated rules. The move comes ahead of the Lok Sabha elections, reflecting the BJP’s resolve to fulfill its electoral promise.

Significant Context and Protests

The CAA, passed in 2019, faced widespread protests across India, leading to over a hundred casualties. The rules were required within six months of receiving presidential assent, and the MHA sought extensions for rule formulation. District magistrates in nine states were authorized to grant Indian citizenship to non-Muslim minorities from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan. The official report for 2021-22 shows 1,414 individuals granted citizenship during April 1 to December 31, 2021. Certain politically sensitive regions like Assam and West Bengal were not empowered with citizenship-granting authorities.

Opposition and Support Dynamics

While Amit Shah emphasized the CAA’s implementation as the law of the land, Mamata Banerjee accused the BJP of misleading the public. The BJP views the CAA as a factor contributing to its ascent in West Bengal, while TMC strongly opposes it. The issuance of rules indicates the BJP’s commitment to fulfilling its electoral promise and navigating the political landscape ahead of the Lok Sabha elections.

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